Sunday, May 10, 2020

2020 Prompt - Service -Jonathan Mason Grover

52 Ancestors - Week 19                                                                

Prompt - Service
Jonathan Mason Grover 1759-1844
My 5th great-grandfather

Nancy Simmons to
Paul Simmons to
June Putman to
Ernest Putman to
Mary Ellen Putman to
Joseph Putman
Nancy Grover
Jonathan Mason Grover

I have many ancestors with military service but want to highlight an ancestor who fought in The Revolutionary War in the First Maryland Regiment that was part of the Continental Army under General George Washington. Jonathan Mason Grover was a patriot in the War of Independence for three years; 1777-1780.

Jonathan Mason Grover - Tombstone
Bethel Cemetery, Ribolt, Lewis County, Kentucky

Jonathan Mason Grover was born to Jon Grover and Sarah Fishin in 1859 in Maryland.[1] He married Sarah Musgrove November 17, 1780 in Frederick County, Maryland[2] and their first seven children were born in Maryland. By 1799, Jonathan M Grover is on the tax list for Mason County, Kentucky[3] and he lives for over 40 years in Tollesboro, Lewis County, Kentucky where he was laid to rest in 1844 as a Revolutionary War veteran in Bethel Cemetery.[4] Jonathan and Sarah have at least eight children including my 4th great grandmother, Nancy, who married Thomas Putman.  

Grover, Jonathan Mason marriage to Sarah Musgrove
November 17, 1780 in Frederick County, Maryland

Jonathan's service records are contained in his Revolutionary War pension claims. Jonathan enlisted in Annapolis, Maryland on February 14, 1777 and served as a private in Captain Alexander Roxburg's Company in the First Maryland Regiment commanded by Colonel John Stone and was discharged as a corporal on February 12, 1780.[5] The First Maryland Regiment originated as Smallwood's Battalion from Maryland in 1776 but it’s designation changed to the First Maryland Regiment upon the creation of the Continental Army under George Washington.[6]

Jonathan M Grover's Military Service Record
U.S., Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application File Papers

One of the first major battles Jonathan M Grover participated in was the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777. The British General William Howe was moving troops to capture Philadelphia, the seat of the colonial American government. Patriot General George Washington was leading the Continental Army and was intent on stopping Howe. The battle occurred at Brandywine Creek where more troops fought than any other battle in the Revolution and it was also the longest single day battle lasting eleven hours.[7] The British won this battle and afterwards the British General William Howe marched into Philadelphia and took the city.

A month later General Washington tried to retake Philadelphia on October 4, 1777 at the Battle of Germantown.[8] The First Maryland Regiment was involved in this battle and Jonathan Grover was once more engaged in battle. This was a very unsuccessful attempt and Washington was unable to re-capture Philadelphia. The British forced Washington to retreat and killed or wounded 400 men and captured another 400. One positive outcome of the battle was that many European counties were impressed with the determination of the Americans. This led to the winter of 1777-1778 where the Continental Army sheltered in Valley Forge and Jonathan Grover and the First Maryland sheltered in Wilmington, Delaware.[9]

The Chew House where the British took cover in the Battle of Germantown - October 4, 1777

Jonathan, at the age of nineteen, had endured the winter in Wilmington and along with the First Maryland Regiment was ready to take on the mighty British Army again. They rejoined Washington and the Continental Army who met the British in June 1778 at the Battle of Monmouth in New Jersey. George Washington and his newly trained Army were ready to meet Sir Henry Clinton and the British forces. 

Washington Rallying the troops at the Battle of Monmouth in New Jersey - June 1778

The British were instructed by their superiors to leave Philadelphia and return to New York City. Washington did not want to engage the British Army but wanted to attack their rear as they moved through New Jersey. As the battle started, General Lee botched the attack at the Monmouth Courthouse and made his troops retreat ceding to the British. Washington had to counterattack and with his newly trained troops engaged the British till nightfall.  When the troops awoke the next morning to their surprise the British had slipped away under the cover of darkness. While the Continentals held the field at day's end the British resumed their retreat and most historians consider the battle a draw.
It was after the Battle of Monmouth that Jonathan was promoted to corporal on July 1, 1778.[10] Jonathan Grover and the First Maryland Regiment fought at Phillips Heights in New York in September 1778, wintered 1778-1779 in Middlebrook, New Jersey and he was probably in the Battle of Stoney Point July 1779.  The winter of 1779-1780 Jonathan and the First Maryland were in Morristown, New Jersey.[11] It was here in Morristown that he was honorably discharged after his enlistment period of three years.[12]

Jonathan Grover - Corporal in Captain Roxburg's Company 

Jonathan Mason Grover filed his pension application papers on October 12, 1829 in Lewis County, Kentucky[13] at which time he was living in Lewis County aged seventy years. His wife, Sarah, was also listed as seventy years old and a granddaughter, Sally Ann Grover, whose parents were dead, was fourteen years old. On January 6, 1839, his wife Sarah of 59 years died[14] and in March 1839 Jonathan sells his 120 acres to his son, Thomas Grover.[15]  

Sary (Sarah) Grover - Tombstone
Bethel Cemetery, Ribolt, Lewis County, Kentucky

Jonathan lives the next five years with his son Thomas and his family in Lewis County.  On May 26, 1844 Jonathan Mason Grover died at the age of 85 and is buried in Bethel Cemetery next to Sarah.[16] He was one of the last pensioners in Lewis County, Kentucky to have died as a Revolutionary War veteran who served in the First Maryland Regiment under command of George Washington and the Continental Army.   
Revolutionary War Pension Roll
 Lewis County, Kentucky 

[1] Ancestry, U.S. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land  Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900, Lewis County, KY.
[2] Maryland State Archives. Frederick County, 1778-1851 Male Marriage Index MSA CM493, page 140.
[3] Mason County, Kentucky Tax Book, #7834483, 1790-1797, 1799-1809, image 326.
[4] Find A Grave. Memorial # 45412596;>
[5] Maryland Revolutionary War Records; Newman, Harry Wright. Maryland Revolutionary War Records. Baltimore, MD, 1938, p. 24.
[6] First Maryland Regiment;
[9] First Maryland Regiment;
[10] Ibid.
[11] Ibid.
[12] U.S., Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900.
[13] Ibid.
[15] Lewis County, Kentucky Deeds, 1807-1902, Lewis County,  Film #008109180, Book H, page 244, image 132
[16] Find A Grave. Memorial #45412596

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